Difference between revisions of "Help:Contents" - wiki.apple2.org

# Difference between revisions of "Help:Contents"

Jump to: navigation, search

See also Apple2Wiki:Introduction, Apple2Wiki:Manual of Style, Apple2Wiki:Tutorial, Help:Editing, and Help:Starting a new page

Apple2Wiki is a wiki and this means almost anyone can easily edit any unprotected page and save those changes immediately to that page. After your first edit, you will be a Apple2Wiki editor!

### Introduction

Note: You can use the sandbox to experiment with page editing.

Editing most Apple2Wiki pages is not difficult. Simply click on the "edit this page" tab at the top of a Apple2Wiki page (or on a section-edit link). This will bring you to a new page with a text box containing the editable text of the original page. You should write a short edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the legend, and when you see the difference between the page with your edits and the previous version of the page by pressing the "Show changes" button. If you're satisfied with what you see, be bold and press the "Save page" button. Your changes will immediately be visible to all Apple2Wiki users.

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding talk page, which contains comments about the page from other Apple2Wiki users. Click on the "+" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page.

You should also remember to sign your messages on talk pages and some special-purpose project pages, but you should not sign edits you make to regular articles. In page histories, the MediaWiki software keeps track of which user makes each change.

## Minor edits

Template:Further A check to the "minor edit" box signifies that only superficial differences exist between the version with your edit and the previous version: typo corrections, formatting and presentational changes, rearranging of text without modifying content, etc. A minor edit is a version that the editor believes requires no review and could never be the subject of a dispute. The "minor edit" option is one of several Apple2Wiki:Why create an account?#New_editing_options available only to registered users.

## Major edits

All editors are encouraged to be bold, but there are several things that a user can do to ensure that major edits are performed smoothly. Before engaging in a major edit, a user should consider discussing proposed changes on the article discussion/talk page. During the edit, if doing so over an extended period of time, the {{inuse}} tag can reduce the likelihood of an edit conflict. Once the edit has been completed, the inclusion of an edit summary will assist in documenting the changes. These steps will all help to ensure that major edits are well received by the Apple2Wiki community.

A major edit should be reviewed to confirm that it is consensual to all concerned editors. Therefore, any change that affects the meaning of an article is major (not minor), even if the edit is a single word.

There are no necessary terms to which you have to agree when doing major edits, but the recommendations above have become best practice. If you do it your own way, the likelihood of your edits being re-edited may be higher.

## Wiki markup

The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a Apple2Wiki page; please see Help:Editing for details on it, and Help:Wikitext examples for a longer list of the possibilities of Wikitext.

## Apple II Wiki Specific Markup

the <A2Txt> tag, enclosed in brackets will give you Apple II font text in 80 col., 12 point type by default

<A2Txt>This is an example of Apple ][ 80 Column text</A2Txt>

This is an example of Apple ][ 80 Column text

To get 40 column text you need to specify the font via the font tag within font=A24.ttf

<A2Txt font=A24.ttf>This is Apple ][ 40 Column text</A2Txt>

This is Apple ][ 40 Column text

To change the background color, enter the HEX value as 0xRRGGBB,

<A2Txt color=0x0000FF>This is BLUE background Apple ][ 80 Column text</A2Txt>

This is BLUE Apple ][ 80 Column text

To change the font color, enter the HEX value as 0xRRGGBB,

<A2Txt color=0x0000FF fillcolor=0x000000>This is WHITE Apple ][ 80 Column text on BLUE background</A2Txt>

This is WHITE Apple ][ 80 Column text on BLUE background

<A2Txt fillcolor=0x0000FF sx=24 sy=24 font=A24.ttf>BLUE 40 Col. 24pt.</A2Txt>

BLUE 40 Col. 24pt.

The font files are called 'A28.ttf' for

Apple ][ 80 Column

The font files are called 'A24.ttf' for

Apple ][ 40 Column

The # will give you the Mousetext Right Arrow #

## Tables

All you need to do is prepare your data in rows, with fields separated by tab characters. (Excel's "Save as" → "Text (Tab delimited)" function saves data in this format.) Place the data inside <tab>...</tab> tags, and set any table parameters inside the opening <tab> tag:

<tab class=wikitable>
Field 1→Field 2→Field 3
Field 4→Field 5→Field 6
Field 7→Field 8→Field 9
</tab>


(where represents a tab character) produces the corresponding table.

You can use a different separator, by specifying it as the sep parameter. sep can be one of:

tab
a tab
space
a space
spaces
one or more spaces and/or tabs
comma
a comma
bar
a vertical bar (|)

You can also specify that either the top row or the left column should be formatted as a heading, using the head parameter, which takes one of these values:

top
make the top row a heading
left
make the left column a heading
topleft
do both

For example:

<tab class=wikitable sep=comma head=top>
Head 1,Head 2,Head 3
Field 4,Field 5,Field 6
Field 7,Field 8,Field 9
</tab>


produces a table with a heading row and two data rows, all having three columns.

Template:H:h This page deals with creating lists in Mediawiki.

## List basics

MediaWiki offers three types of lists. Ordered lists, unordered lists, and definition lists. In the following sections, ordered lists are used for examples. Unordered lists would give corresponding results.

wikitext rendering
* Lists are easy to do:
** start every line
* with a star
** more stars mean
*** deeper levels

• Lists are easy to do:
• start every line
• with a star
• more stars mean
• deeper levels
*A newline
*in a list
marks the end of the list.
Of course
*you can
*start again.

• A newline
• in a list

marks the end of the list. Of course

• you can
• start again.
# Numbered lists are good
## very organized
## easy to follow

1. Numbered lists are good
1. very organized
2. easy to follow
* You can also
**break lines
**like this

• You can also
• break lines
• like this
; Definition lists
; item : definition
; semicolon plus term
: colon plus definition

Definition lists
item
definition
semicolon plus term
colon plus definition
* Or create mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
*#*; definitions
*#*: work:
*#*; apple
*#*; banana
*#*: fruits

• Or create mixed lists
1. and nest them
• like this
definitions
work:
apple
banana
fruits

## Paragraphs in lists

For simplicity, list items in wiki markup cannot be longer than a paragraph. A following blank line will end the list and reset the counter on ordered lists. Separating unordered list items usually has no noticable effects.

Paragraphs can be forced in lists by using HTML tags. Two line break symbols, <br><br>, will create the desired effect. So will enclosing all but the first paragraph with <p>...</p>

For a list with items of more than one paragraph long, adding a blank line between items may be necessary to avoid confusion.

## Continuing a list item after a sub-item

In HTML, a list item may contain several sublists, not necessarily adjacent; thus there may be parts of the list item not only before the first sublist, but also between sublists, and after the last one; however, in wiki-syntax, sublists follow the same rules as sections of a page: the only possible part of the list item not in sublists is before the first sublist.

In the case of an unnumbered first-level list in wikitext code this limitation can be overcome by splitting the list into multiple lists; indented text between the partial lists may visually serve as part of a list item after a sublist; however, this may give, depending on CSS, a blank line before and after each list, in which case, for uniformity, every first-level list item could be made a separate list.

Numbered lists illustrate that what should look like one list may, for the software, consist of multiple lists; unnumbered lists give a corresponding result, except that the problem of restarting with 1 is not applicable.

 
1. list item A1
1. list item B1
2. list item B2
continuing list item A1
2. list item A2
 list item A1 list item B1 list item B2 continuing list item A1 list item A2 vs. #list item A1 ##list item B1 ##list item B2 #:continuing list item A1 #list item A2  list item A1 list item B1 list item B2 continuing list item A1 list item A2

One level deeper, with a sublist item continuing after a sub-sublist, one gets even more blank lines; however, the continuation of the first-level list is not affected:

#list item A1
##list item B1
###list item C1
##:continuing list item B1
##list item B2
#list item A2


gives

1. list item A1
1. list item B1
1. list item C1
continuing list item B1
2. list item B2
2. list item A2

See also Template:Tim and subdivisions.

## Changing the list type

The list type (which type of marker appears before the list item) can be changed in CSS by setting the list-style-type property:

wikitext rendering
<ol style="list-style-type:lower-roman">
<li>About the author</li>
<li>Foreword to the first edition</li>
<li>Foreword to the second edition</li>
</ol>

1. About the author
2. Foreword to the first edition
3. Foreword to the second edition

## Extra indentation of lists

In a numbered list in a large font, some browsers do not show more than two digits, unless extra indentation is applied (if there are multiple columns: for each column). This can be done with CSS:

ol { margin-left: 2cm}


or alternatively, like below.

wikitext rendering comments
:#abc
:#def
:#ghi


1. abc
2. def
3. ghi
A list of one or more lines starting with a colon creates a definition list without definition terms, and with the items as definition descriptions, hence indented. However, if the colons are in front of the codes "*" or "#" of an unordered or ordered list, the list is treated as one definition description, so the whole list is indented.
<ul>
<ol>
<li>abc</li>
<li>def</li>
<li>ghi</li>
</ol>
</ul>


1. abc
2. def
3. ghi
MediaWiki translates an unordered list (ul) without any list items (li) into a div with a style="margin-left: 2em", causing indentation of the contents. This is the most versatile method, as it allows starting with a number other than 1, see below.
<ul>
#abc
#def
#ghi
</ul>


1. abc
2. def
3. ghi
Like above, with the content of the "unordered list without any list items", which itself is an ordered list, expressed with # codes. The HTML produced, and hence the rendering, is the same. This is the recommended method when not starting with a number other than 1.

To demonstrate that all three methods show all digits of 3-digit numbers, see List demo.

## Specifying a starting value

Specifying a starting value is only possible with HTML-syntax:

<ol start="9">
<li>Amsterdam</li>
<li>Rotterdam</li>
<li>The Hague</li>
</ol>


gives

1. Amsterdam
2. Rotterdam
3. The Hague

## Comparison with a table

Apart from providing automatic numbering, the numbered list also aligns the contents of the items, comparable with using table syntax:

{|
|-
| align=right |  9.||Amsterdam
|-
| align=right | 10.||Rotterdam
|-
| align=right | 11.||The Hague
|}


gives

 9 Amsterdam 10 Rotterdam 11 The Hague

This non-automatic numbering has the advantage that if a text refers to the numbers, insertion or deletion of an item does not disturb the correspondence.

## Multi-column bulleted list

{|
|
*1
*2
|
*3
*4
|}


gives:

 1 2 3 4

## Multi-column numbered list

Specifying a starting value is useful for a numbered list with multiple columns, to avoid restarting from one in each column. As mentioned above, this is only possible with HTML-syntax (for the first column either wiki-syntax or HTML-syntax can be used).

In combination with the extra indentation explained in the previous section:

{| valign="top"
|-
|<ul><ol start="125"><li>a<li>bb<li>ccc</ol></ul>
|<ul><ol start="128"><li>ddd<li>ee<li>f</ol></ul>
|}


gives

 abbccc dddeef

Using Template:Tim the computation of the starting values can be automated, and only the first starting value and the number of items in each column except the last has to be specified. Adding an item to, or removing an item from a column requires adjusting only one number, the number of items in that column, instead of changing the starting numbers for all subsequent columns.

{{Multi-column numbered list|125|a<li>bb<li>ccc|3|<li>ddd<li>ee<li>f}}

gives

{{Multi-column numbered list|lst=lower-alpha|125|a<li>bb<li>ccc|3|<li>ddd<li>ee|2|<li>f}}

gives

{{Multi-column numbered list|lst=lower-roman|125|a<li>bb<li>ccc|3|<li>ddd<li>ee|2|<li>f}}

gives

{{Multi-column numbered list|lst=disc||a<li>bb<li>ccc||<li>ddd<li>ee|-|<li>f}}

gives

## Streamlined style or horizontal style

It is also possible to present short lists using very basic formatting, such as:

''Title of list:'' example 1, example 2, example 3


Title of list: example 1, example 2, example 3

This style requires less space on the page, and is preferred if there are only a few entries in the list, it can be read easily, and a direct edit point is not required. The list items should start with a lowercase letter unless they are proper nouns.

## Tables

A one-column table is very similar to a list, but it allows sorting. If the wikitext itself is already sorted with the same sortkey, this advantage does not apply. A multiple-column table allows sorting on any column.

See also en:Wikipedia:When to use tables.

## Changing unordered lists to ordered ones

With the CSS

ul { list-style: decimal }


unordered lists are changed to ordered ones. This applies (as far as the CSS selector does not restrict this) to all ul-lists in the HTML source code:

• those produced with *
• those with <ul> in the wikitext
• those produced by the system

Since each special page, like other pages, has a class based on the pagename, one can separately specify for each type whether the lists should be ordered, see Help:User contributions#User styles and Help:What links here#User styles.

However, it does not seem possible to make all page history lists ordered (unless one makes all lists ordered), because the class name is based on the page for which the history is viewed.

## See also

• mw:Extension:Sort2: creates a list with list code only at the start and end, not per item; allows easy change of list type; sorts list

### Links and URLs

What it looks like What you type

London has public transport.

• A link to another Wiki article.
• Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
• Thus the link above is to the URL en.Apple2Wiki.org/wiki/Public_transport, which is the Apple2Wiki article with the name "Public transport". See also Apple2Wiki:Canonicalization.
London has [[public transport]].


San Francisco also has public transportation.

• Same target, different name.
• The target ("piped") text must be placed first, then the text that will be displayed second.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport|
public transportation]].


San Francisco also has public transportation.

Examples include buses, taxicabs, and streetcars.

• Endings are blended into the link.
• Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
• Blending can be suppressed by using <nowiki></nowiki> tags, which may be desirable in some instances. Example: a microsecond.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport]]ation.

Examples include [[bus]]es,
[[taxicab]]s, and [[streetcar]]s.

a [[micro]]<nowiki>second
</nowiki>

See the Apple2Wiki:Manual of Style.

See the
[[Apple2Wiki:Manual of Style]].


Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump.

Or both: Manual of Style

But not: [[Apple2Wiki:Manual of Style#Links|]]

• The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).
• See Apple2Wiki:Pipe trick for details.
Automatically hide stuff
in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]].

Automatically hide namespace:
[[Apple2Wiki:Village Pump|]].

Or both:
[[Apple2Wiki:
Manual of Style (headings)|]]

But not:
[[Apple2Wiki:
Manual of Style#Links|]]


National sarcasm society is a page that does not exist yet.

• You can create it by clicking on the link.
• To create a new page:
1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
2. Save that page.
3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
• For more information, see How to start a page and check out Apple2Wiki's naming conventions.
• Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[National sarcasm society]]
is a page
that does not exist yet.


Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page is a link to this page.

• Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
• Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph; see the Manual of Style.
[[Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page]]
is a link to this page.


The character tilde (~) is used when adding a comment to a Talk page. You should sign your comment by appending four tildes (~~~~) to the comment so as to add your user name plus date/time:

Patricia Zhang 13:40, Jan 14, 2007 (UTC)

Adding three tildes (~~~) will add just your user name:

Patricia Zhang

and adding five tildes (~~~~~) gives the date/time alone:

13:40, Jan 14, 2007 (UTC)
• The first two both provide a link to your user page.
The character '''tilde''' (~) is used when adding a comment to a Talk page.
You should sign your comment by appending four tildes (~~~~)
to the comment so as to add your user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Adding three tildes (~~~) will add just your user name:
: ~~~
and adding five tildes (~~~~~) gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~

• Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "USA").
• It is possible to redirect to a section. For example, a redirect to United States History will redirect to the United States page, to the History section if it exists.
#REDIRECT [[United States]]

#REDIRECT [[United States#History|United
States History]] will redirect to the
[[United States]] page, to the History
section if it exists

• Link to a page on the same subject in another language by placing a link of the form: [[language code:Title]] in the wiki text of the article.

For example in the article on Plankton, which is available on a lot of other wikis, the interlanguage links would look like so:

[[de:Plankton]] [[es:Plancton]] [[ru:Планктон]] [[simple:Plankton]]
• While it does not matter where you put these links while editing, it is recommended that these links be placed at the very end of the edit box.
• These will not be visible in the main text of the article on which they are placed but appear as links in the extreme left margin column of Apple2Wiki page as part of a separate box under the 'toolbox' titled 'in other languages'. You can check out the links to the corresponding page in Apple2Wikis of other languages for this Apple2Wiki MOS help page itself.
• Please see Apple2Wiki:Interlanguage links and the list of languages and codes.

What links here and Related changes pages can be linked as: Special:Whatlinkshere/Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page and Special:Recentchangeslinked/Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page

'''What links here''' and
'''Related changes'''
pages can be linked as:
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/
Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page]]
and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/
Apple2Wiki:How to edit a page]]


A user's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user's '''Contributions''' page
can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]

• To put an article in a Apple2Wiki:Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Character sets]]

• To link to a Apple2Wiki:Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Character sets]]


Linking to other wikis:

1. Interwiki link: Wiktionary:Hello
2. Interwiki link without prefix: Hello
3. Named interwiki link: Wiktionary definition of 'Hello'

Linking to another language's wiktionary:

Linking to other wikis:
# [[Interwiki]] link:
[[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix:
[[Wiktionary:Hello|]]
# Named interwiki link:
[[Wiktionary:Hello|
Wiktionary definition
of 'Hello']]

Linking to another
language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]


ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

• Link to books using their ISBN. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors. However, if one bookstore or online service provides additional free information, such as table of contents or excerpts from the text, then a link to that source will aid the user and is recommended.
• ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X


Text mentioning RFC 4321 anywhere

Text mentioning RFC 4321
anywhere


Date formats:

• Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
• All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "1969-07-20" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]



Special as-of links like this year needing future maintenance

Special [[WP:AO|as-of]] links
like [[As of 2006|this year]]
needing future maintenance

• To include links to non image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.

Some uploaded sounds are listed at Apple2Wiki:Sound.

[[media:Classical guitar scale.ogg|Sound]]


### Images

Only images that have been uploaded to Apple2Wiki can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

What it looks like What you type
A picture:
A picture:
[[Image:wiki.png]]
With alternative text:
With alternative text:
[[Image:wiki.png|Apple2Wiki, The Free Encyclopedia.]]
• Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it.
Floating to the right side of the page using the frame attribute and a caption:
File:Wiki.png
Apple2Wiki Encyclopedia

Floating to the right side of the page using the ''frame'' attribute and a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|frame|Apple2Wiki Encyclopedia]]
• The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
• The caption is also used as alternate text.
Floating to the right side of the page using the thumb attribute and a caption:
File:Wiki.png
Apple2Wiki Encyclopedia

Floating to the right side of the page using the ''thumb'' attribute and a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|thumb|Apple2Wiki Encyclopedia]]
• The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.
• The caption is also used as alternate text.
• An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner.
Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Floating to the right side of the page
''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|right|Apple2Wiki Encyclopedia]]
A picture resized to 30 pixels...
A picture resized to 30 pixels...
[[Image:wiki.png|30 px]]
Linking directly to the description page of an image:
Linking directly to the description page
of an image:
[[:Image:wiki.png]]
• Clicking on an image displayed on a page

(such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page

Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
Linking directly to an image
without displaying it:
[[:media:wiki.png|Image of the jigsaw globe logo]]
• To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
Using the div tag to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text):
Example:
<div style="display:inline;
width:220px; float:right;">
Place images here </div>
Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers):
Example: {| align=right
|-
|
Place images here
|}


See the Apple2Wiki's image use policy as a guideline used on Apple2Wiki.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the topic on Extended image syntax.

### Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Italicized text
Bold text
Italicized & Bold text

''Italicized text''
'''Bold text'''
'''''Italicized & Bold text'''''


A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

• For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>

Create codeblocks#include <iostream.h> int main () { cout << "Hello World!"; return 0; }  that are printed as entered
Use <code><pre> Block of Code </pre></code> around the
block of code.

* The <pre> tags within the codeblock will create formatting
issues - to solve, display the tags literally with
&lt;pre&gt;  and  &lt;/pre&gt;

You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.


Better stay away from big text, unless it's within small text.

Better stay away from <big>big text</big>, unless
<small> it's <big>within</big> small</small> text.


You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup. For backwards compatibility better combine this potentially ignored new logical with the old physical markup.

• When editing regular Apple2Wiki articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
• When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup.
For backwards compatibility better combine this
potentially ignored new <del>logical</del> with
the old <s><del>physical</del></s> markup.


Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (''to'') the [[Apple2Wiki FAQ]]

• Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
• Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
• Does not escape HTML character references.
• To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;

<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'')
the [[Apple2Wiki FAQ]]</nowiki>


Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

• Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
• Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page.

<!-- comment here -->


Diacritical marks:
À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring;
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml;
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve;
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave;
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute;
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil;
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc;
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute;
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;


Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”

&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;


Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤

&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen;
&pound; &curren;


Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts:
x1 x² x³ or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

• The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;

x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&sup2;]]


Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω

&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta;
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu;
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi;
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;


Mathematical characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇐ ⇓ ⇑ ⇔
→ ↓ ↑ ← ↔

&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &lArr; &dArr; &uArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &darr; &uarr; &larr; &harr;


$\,\! \sin x + \ln y$
sinx + lny

$\mathbf{x} = 0$
x = 0

Ordinary text should use wiki markup for emphasis, and should not use <i> or <b>. However, mathematical formulae often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis. Complex formulae should use $ markup, and simple formulae may use [itex]; or <i> and <b>; or '' and '''. According to WikiProject Mathematics, wiki markup is preferred over HTML markup like <i> and <b>. [itex]\,\! \sin x + \ln y$
sin''x'' + ln''y''

$\mathbf{x} = 0$
'''x''' = 0


Spacing in simple math formulae:
Obviously, x² ≥ 0 is true when x is a real number.

• To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, use non-breaking spaces: &nbsp;.

Obviously, ''x''&sup2;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;0 is true when ''x'' is a real number.


Complicated formulae:

$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$
• See Help:Formula for how to use $. • A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character. : [itex]\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$


(see also: Chess symbols in Unicode)

### No or limited formatting—showing exactly what is being typed

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them—what you see, is what you get!

What it looks like What you type
<nowiki> tags

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by removing newlines
and multiple spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>

<pre> tags
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters: →

<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat text.
It still interprets special characters:
&rarr;
</pre>
Leading spaces

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets Wiki markup and
special characters: →

Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line
stops the text   from being reformatted.
It still interprets [[Wiki]] ''markup'' and
special characters: &rarr;


### Invisible text (comments)

Template:Main It's uncommon, but on occasion acceptable, to add a hidden comment within the text of an article. The format is this:

<!--- This is an example of text that won't normally be visible except in "edit" mode. --->


### Table of contents

At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the table of contents (TOC) to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also compact TOC for alphabet and year headings.

### Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

• in special Wiki-markup (see Help:Table)
• with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see Apple2Wiki:When to use tables.

### Variables

(See also Help:Variable)

Code Effect
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 47
{{CURRENTDOW}} 1
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 11
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} November
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} November
{{CURRENTDAY}} 18
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Monday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2019
{{CURRENTTIME}} 11:28
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 57
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 15,190
{{PAGENAME}} Contents
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} 240
{{localurl:pagename}} /index.php?title=Pagename
{{localurl:Apple2Wiki:Sandbox|action=edit}} /index.php?title=Apple2Wiki:Sandbox&action=edit
{{fullurl:pagename}} http://wiki.apple2.org/index.php?title=Pagename
{{fullurl:pagename|query_string}} http://wiki.apple2.org/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string
{{SERVER}} http://wiki.apple2.org
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} A2WebRef
{{ns:5}} A2WebRef talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk
{{SITENAME}} wiki.apple2.org

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.

In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.

### Templates

The MediaWiki software used by Apple2Wiki has support for templates. This means standardized text chunks (such as boilerplate text) can be inserted into articles. For example, typing Template:Tl will appear as "This article is a stub. You can help Apple2Wiki by expanding it." when the page is saved. See Apple2Wiki:Template messages for the complete list. Other commonly used templates are: Template:Tl for disambiguation pages and Template:Tl like an article stub but for a section. There are many subject-specific stubs for example: Template:Tl, Template:Tl, and Template:Tl. For a complete list of stubs see Apple2Wiki:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub types.

## More information on editing wiki pages

You may also want to learn about:

Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike unless otherwise noted.
Powered by MediaWiki